AHRA 2018 aims to be a platform for discussion and debate on the processes of innovation within the built environment in both content and format. As such, beyond the conventional 20-minute paper presentations organised in themed sessions, other formats of presentations such as, artistic performances, pecha-kucha style quick presentations, or film showings are equally welcomed. To establish meaningful connections between the various forms of presentation, a few themes have been defined. These themes and sub-themes are meant to challenge and question the prevailing ideas and notions regarding smart buildings and cities.
HISTORIES AND FUTURES
The historical precedents for both the use of technology and the blind belief in data (example, High Modern period) can be contrasted with today’s challenges on the smart appropriations. These are not only determined by the past, but increasingly by the risky activity of projecting into the future (e.g. climate change, population dynamics, weather forecast, etc.).
Nick Dunn: ImaginationLancaster, Lancaster University, United Kingdom
Paul Cureton: ImaginationLancaster, Lancaster University, United Kingdom
Smart forms of architecture and urbanism are increasingly promoted in connection to efficiency and sustainability. Since there is much contestation given to meaning within sustainability in design practices, this theme encourages a critical reflection of sustainability as enacted in specific contexts. Important questions posed are, which set of challenges are addressed, by which means, and for whom?
Ana Roders: Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands
Youfang Peng: Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands
Vesa Vihanninjoki: University of Helsinki, Finland
Sanna Lehtinen: University of Helsinki, Finland
MATERIALITIES (AND SPACES)
Smart ideas, technologies, spaces and cities crucially do have a material dimension. This theme shifts attention to these often neglected materialities (switches, cables, data centres, etc.) that do have specific logics, spaces, appearances, and designs.
Gretchen Wilkins: RMIT University, Vietnam
Andrew Stiff: RMIT University, Vietnam
Stefano Andreani: Harvard University Graduate School of Design, USA
Cristina Nan: University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Giorgio Ponzo: University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Questions the emerging power structures and ensuing exclusion and inclusion enabled by smart systems and explores new forms of agency enabled by those same structures. How can smart systems foster new ways to engage with buildings and cities?
Annuska Rantanen: Tampere University of Technology, Finland
Ari Hynynen: Tampere University of Technology, Finland
Smartness as Ideological Practice: Is Smartness an Empty Signifier in the Discourse of the Future Built Environment?
Chuan Wang: University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Explores the paradox of prevalent smart systems in which networks of instruments and data are organized towards top-down systematization of processes, but in which the dispersed condition of those networks allows centers, nodes and terminals to be connected in alternative ways, thus also establishing ahierarchical structures that empowers its different actors. The work of Jan van Dijk and Manuel Castells provides particular inspiration for this discussion.
Carlos Smaniotto Costa: Universidade Lusófona, Portugal
George Artopoulos: The Cyprus Institute, Cyprus
Searches for a renewed understanding of the discursive spaces for discussion and political engagement in the context of smart systems, specifically how these complement or displace the very physical space that they seek to augment. The work of Jürgen Habermas lays the foundation for this exploration.
Anubha Kakroo: Indian Institute of Art and Design, India
Anuradha Chatterjee: Cracknell and Lonergan Architects, Australia
Sarah Lappin: Queen's University Belfast, United Kingdom
Gascia Ouzounian: University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Conor McCafferty: Queen's University Belfast, United Kingdom
Takes on the notion of control espoused by Gilles Deleuze to describe contemporary societies and challenges the promises of smart systems to achieve total control. With the all-seeing eye, the all-knowing brain, smart systems promise to be all knowable and controllable in new, dynamic, reactive ways, but at what cost?
Angel Callander: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany
Collects every other significant positions and conversations that should inform the current debate on smart systems in architecture and urbanism.
Linda Shetabi: University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
Lucille Tetley-Brown: University of Glasgow, United Kingdom